Modern technologies for creating and maintaining websites are focused on platforms that allow you to effectively manage the content and data coming from site visitors. Typically, such solutions are based on server technologies such as ASP, ASP.NET, JSP, and PHP or use ready-made powerful tools to create corporate sites focused on the implementation of these technologies. Consider in more detail the popular information technology. Creating web pages based on fragments of server code is a technology of ASP, ASP.NET (Active Server Pages). This is a technology developed by Microsoft commercially available 2, with which the webmaster can independently create dynamically updated web pages. A characteristic feature of this technology is the ability to separate the functional part of the development from the design process.
JSP (Java Server Pages) technology is a technology for creating Java server pages. The JSP specification is an extension of the Java Servlet API for generating dynamic web pages on a web server. This cross-platform is an alternative to Microsoft’s ASP technology. The Sun specification, called JSF (Java Server Faces), implements JSP technology, which describes the rules for creating web applications with a user-friendly interface and focuses on developing server-side components to create the interface. One of the first technologies for creating web applications running on a server was the Common Gateway Interface (CGI) technology. It allowed the development and execution of server applications accessed using the name (and parameters) specified in the URL. Depending on the selected protocol, the input information of such web applications is considered to be the HTTP header code or search engine query. CGI applications are console applications that generate HTML code passed to the browser.
The main advantages of PHP are practicality, ease of use, efficiency, productivity and flexibility. PHP frameworks have recently gained popularity and become a basic platform for web application development. Using these systems saves a lot of time, reduces the load on the development process, eliminates the problem of duplicate code, and quickly creates quality applications. To date, a huge number of PHP frameworks have been developed, each of which is honed for use in the development of certain types of sites, the most popular are: ZendFramework, CakePHP, CodeIgniter 2, Kohana 3, Symfony 3, and Yii 2.
Java script is a dynamic, object-oriented programming language. Implementation of the ECMAScript standard. It is most often used as part of a browser that allows code to be executed on the client-side, thus removing the load from the main server on which the main functionality of the system is executed.